Cocaine Addiction: Signs, Effects & Treatment Options

The injecting drug user is at risk for acquiring or transmitting HIV/AIDS as well as hepatitis C if needles or other injection equipment are shared. Prolonged cocaine use can negatively affect mental health and psychological well-being. Pharmacological and behavioral treatments are the most effective options for cocaine addiction. Outpatient treatment, inpatient treatment, medications, therapy, or a combination of different treatment programs can help you recover from addiction. Cocaine’s effects appear almost immediately after a single dose and typically disappear within a few minutes to an hour.

whai is cocaine addiction

Physical Signs

Patient confidentiality laws prevent them from sharing this information with law enforcement. Long-term cocaine use can cause auditory and tactile hallucinations, causing you to hear and feel things that aren’t there. Injecting it carries the highest risk of bloodborne infections, but you can also contract infections by smoking and snorting coke. The more you use it, the higher your risk for developing a substance use disorder. The combo leads to the production of a metabolite called cocaethylene, which is considerably stronger than cocaine or alcohol alone.

What about other risks?

At every moment of our lives, dopamine is responsible for keeping those cells operating at the appropriate levels of activity to accomplish our needs and aims. Whenever we need to mobilize our muscles or mind to work harder or faster, dopamine drives some of the involved brain cells to step up to the challenge. While some people snort lines of cocaine off tables, mirrors of other hard surfaces, others prefer to snort the drug off a longer fingernail, usually on the pinky finger. A so-called coke nail can serve both as a shovel and snorting surface. It makes blood vessels in the nose constrict, cutting off oxygen flow to the nasal tissues. Other chemicals that dealers add to cocaine can also irritate the lining of the nose.

  • When a large amount of cocaine is taken at once or in conjunction with other drugs or alcohol, the risk for an overdose or other negative health consequences increases also.
  • Frequent use of cocaine can cause you to develop a higher tolerance to the drug.
  • Cocaine may not have the same physical withdrawal symptoms as other drugs; however, the emotional toll can be just as difficult to manage without help.
  • Cocaine causes your dopamine levels to rise causing the user to feel euphoric.
  • Scientists don’t know exactly how it works to reduce cocaine use.
  • Not only that, but we provide co-occurring disorder treatment for those individuals who struggle with addiction plus another mental health disorder, such as depression.

Detox and Treatment

Cocaine is one of the most potent stimulants available, and it is highly addictive. It affects neurochemistry through the brain’s reward pathway immediately, so taking it even once can trigger addiction in many people. Cocaine dependence is a neurological disorder that occurs when withdrawal symptoms manifest after stopping use of the drug.

  • Large amounts of Cocaine can raise the heart rate and blood pressure to dangerously high levels.
  • Health care providers will focus on treating the specific health problems caused by the overdose.
  • Researchers are evaluating drug treatments that help people stop using cocaine.
  • Cocaine smugglers and drug dealers sometimes swallow large amounts of cocaine in condoms or balloons to hide it from law enforcement.

Is it the same thing as crack?

The rate of cocaine use is highest among people ages 18 to 25. Medications can treat the symptoms related to cocaine withdrawal, but there is no substitute drug that can effectively help a patient recover from a cocaine dependency. In powder form, it usually consists of cocaine hydrochloride diluted with other substances, such as lidocaine, a local anesthetic, sugars (lactose), inositol, and mannitol. However, cocaine and its derivative, crack cocaine, are widely used as illegal recreational drugs. Support systems such as friends, family, treatment facilities, and other people recovering from addiction, can help you push through this phase.

How Does the Method of Ingestion Influence Cocaine’s Short-Term Effects?

Individuals who stop using the drug will have powerful cravings that can last for years. The effects generally last between 15 and 30 minutes, but shorter with crack. Cocaine is a highly addictive and a naturally occurring anesthetic, or pain blocker. Cocaine is also known as coke, C, flake, snow, crack, and blow.

whai is cocaine addiction

  • For this reason, you might hear the terms “crack” and “freebase” used interchangeably.
  • Cocaine intoxication is a state where someone is not just high on cocaine but also develops other physical symptoms that make them ill.

Efforts are under way in each of these areas, including clinical trials, but so far no clear breakthrough has been reported. Cocaine produces its psychoactive and addictive effects primarily by acting on the brain’s cocaine addiction treatment limbic system, a set of interconnected regions that regulate pleasure and motivation. An initial, short-term effect—a buildup of the neurochemical dopamine—gives rise to euphoria and a desire to take the drug again.

Top 20 Cocaine Songs – Ultimate Classic Rock

Top 20 Cocaine Songs.

Posted: Thu, 09 Mar 2023 08:00:00 GMT [source]

When stimulated, it produces feelings of deep pleasure and happiness. Nerve cells in the VTA extend into the nucleus accumbens, a key pleasure center. This center artificially “rewards” the person after Cocaine use with pleasure and euphoria. Drug use disorder, or addiction, is a complicated disease that involves changes to your brain structure. Many issues play a role, including other mental health disorders,  your background, and your environment.

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Scroll to Top